envelope icon phone icon

Content is below menu. Find the page you want, then scroll down. Current page in white text.

About Us

Home

Ideas

Trees

Conifers

Food Forests

Apples & Pears

Berries

Blueberries

Currants & Gooseberries

Haskaps

Others

Raspberries

Saskatoons

Strawberries

Grapes

Nuts

Perennial Veggies

Stone Fruit

Leaf Trees

Inventory

Care

Our Forests

Almanac

Links


Expertise in one field does not carry over into other fields. But experts often think so. The narrower their field of knowledge the more likely they are to think so.
Robert A. Heinlein

Typical Pine

The edge were tree meets field creates a haven for all sorts of critters.

Raspberry on the bush

Q. What can be better than a sun warmed raspberry fresh off the bush?

A. Lots of sun warmed raspberries!


Raspberries

Rubus idaeus

Raspberries are one of the easiest plants to grow. Stuff them in the ground, keep them moist, and you will have raspberries almost forever.

Raspberries come in two types: Primocane and Floricane

Floricanes are the most common, and the only ones with significant commercial use. They bear heavily for a few week in early summer. The bear only on side branches of the 2nd year canes.

Primocanes produce less fruit per bush, and spread that production out over a longer period of time, starting about the time the floricanes finish, and continuing to frost.

Alas, it's not quite this simple. Some floricanes will produce fall berries on first year canes. Some Primocanes will have a light crop on canes their second summer.

I've chosen to carry two types of raspberries.

Souris raspberry is a floricane similar in berry size to Boyne. Souris has better yields, and is more cold resistant.

Double Delight raspberry is a primocane, producing slightly smaller berries. Berries start a few weeks after Souris, and keep bearing lightly all the way to frost.

The division between floricane and primocane isn’t quite as clearcut. Some years DD canes will hold over to spring, and produce a small secondary crop at the same time the Souris main crop comes in. Sometimes Souris will put out a few raspberries in late fall during Indian Summer.

Souris 2 yr old cane

This is a prime example of a souris cane. it was unloved and unsold as a bare root 2 yr old, so ended up in a pot, to sell later at 4 times the price. Souris canes are larger since they have a 2 year long cycle.


I sell them in 25's because that's about right for a single family. 25 Souris and 50 Double Delight will give you fairly regular raspberries on the cornflakes during the bearing season with a few occasions of raspberries on ice cream sprinkled in.

Planting and care

Raspberries like a moist loamy soil. They are fairly shallow rooted. 4-5 inches of decent soil is lots. If you have heavy clay or sandy soil, mix in large quantities of organic material. Peatmoss, dried leaves, compost, wood chips, bark chips. Avoid large quantities of fine sawdust and fresh pine or spruce bark until it's been composted -- it sucks the nitrogen from the soil, and spruce wood has natural chemicals that are tough on other plants. Rototil in, water thoroughly.

Plant in a single row, 6 inches to a foot a apart. Try to match the root collar on the canes with the new dirt in their bed. You don't have to be fussy about it, a centimeter either way won't matter.

Mulch heavily with wood chips or bark, or grass clippings, or straw during the summer. Helps with weed control and reduces watering. Water when the bottom side of the mulch is dry.

Lay down used carpet fuzzy side down on either side, and snug up a few inches away from the row. Take up in the fall, and store dry.

Support

Put a permanent stake in every 8-12 feet. This can be an old fence post, or a cedar post. I am concerned about leaching of new pressure treated wood near stuff I eat, but a 20 year old post has lost most of what will leach.

Attach two 12-16 inch cross bars to each post, like old style telephone poles, and put a small fence staple (used for chicken wire) in each end. The cross bars should be at about 18 inches and 3 feet above the ground.

Run a chunk of twine along the tips of the cross bars. These keep the canes from flopping into the aisles. The twine is sacrificial. Remove in spring when cleaning up the dead canes, and replace.

Yearly cycle

In spring remove dead canes. For primocanes you can just mow them, if the number of live canes in spring is small. For floricanes, you just have to pick them out by hand, or grow twice as many, and mow one row each year. The dead canes are pretty obvious, and snap at a touch. This can be done the first nice day that the snow is gone.

With spring you will see new canes come up, usually a few inches away from the old ones. If they come up too far from the row, you can transplant them when they are about 3-6 inches tall. Either transplant back into the row, where you have a space, or start a new row with them, or pot them up for friends. This is why you remove the carpet in the fall.

Once the stinkweed starts to come up, lay out the aisle carpets.

Remulch as needed. Fertilizer advice depends: Google is your friend. I don't know yet.

Berries are ripe when they pull off easily from the core.

In fall after the poplar leaves drop, turn your carpets over to dry, then when dry, roll up and store for winter. This will double or triple the life of the carpet.

Food -- Raspberry

Species/Cultivar Container/Format Count Size Price
Raspberry, Double Delight Bare Root Seedling -190 $3.25
Raspberry, Double Delight Bare Root Seedling 200 12-12 in. $2.00
Raspberry, Souris #2 Std pot (6 qt) 5 18-24 in. $18.00
Raspberry, Souris Bare Root Seedling -190 $3.25
Raspberry, Souris Bare Root Seedling 200 12-12 in. $2.00


Got something to say? Email me: sfinfo@sherwoods-forests.com

Interesting? Share this page.

Want to talk right now? Talk to me: (8 am to 8 pm only, please) 1-780-848-2548


Back to Top
Copyright © 2008 - 2018 S. G. Botsford

Sherwood's Forests is located about 75 km southwest of Edmonton, Alberta. Please refer to the map on our Contact page for directions.